Film Radiography is Declining in Industrial Testing Applications

DODGED THE DIGITAL DILEMMA

The shift from analog to digital technology has given a new lease of life for NDT applications in the industrial radiography market, thus, broadening the scope beyond traditional applications. Digital X-ray systems are proliferating with increased acceptance across all industry verticals, including highly regulated and traditionally conservative aerospace and automotive industries. The most significant contributing factor for this paradigm shift to digital X-ray systems is the cost-saving, which is 5-6 times more (in both computed and direct radiography) when compared to film-based systems. The shift is also being fuelled by the bridge of gap by digital systems when it comes to high-resolution images, which used to be a niche for film radiography. Megatrends, such as Industry 4.0, Industrial Internet of Things, and Big Data, are expected to progressively phase out radiography on film.

ADVENT OF PORTABLE RADIOGRAPHY EQUIPMENT

The industry is experiencing significant influx of portable equipment in the recent years. With the need for inspection activities to be carried out at multiple locations and in various orientations, the industry demand for portable testing devices is increasing. The demand for compact and lightweight devices, which enable easier examination, has been a key trend in the market. Innovation in manufacturing technologies is propelling the deployment of these products. Elimination of installation costs with the use of portable devices, which helps in reducing the total cost of ownership (TCO) of these devices, is further helping the manufacturers strengthen their economic position in the market. The oil & gas industry, which employs testing across the industry supply chain for gauging the structural integrity and for continuous monitoring of intricate structures of various sizes, like plates, tubes and drilling machines, is expected to be among the most dominant end-users for portable radiographic equipment.

DIRECT RADIOGRAPHY TO BE THE GROWTH ENGINE

What’s leading the pack in digital radiography? Direct radiography is the fastest growing type of radiography with near double-digit growth rate as compared to the overall market. This segment is aided by advancements in hardware, such as tubes, sources, and detectors, as well as software improvements facilitating better user-friendliness and efficiency. The advantages of direct radiography, including shorter exposure times, real-time applications, use of recognition software, reduced inspection time, environmental concerns, portability, and increased dynamic range (enabling multiple thicknesses to be inspected in one shot), are driving their adoption across all industry verticals. Direct radiography equipment is offering guaranteed high ROI to customers, which is the biggest contributing factor for their growth. Significant market opportunity for direct radiography (includes real-time) exists in automotive and aerospace segments, which are witnessing very high growth rates, even exceeding that of the overall direct radiography market.

What Does an Industrial Fan Do?

Whether you live in a country with a hot climate or you’ve visited one, you’ll have no doubt seen or even used a fan to keep yourself cool. The truth is that fans come in all sorts of colours, shapes and sizes, but they all used for the same thing, and that is to keep people cool. However, while we all know that keeping cool in hot weather is very important for our health, did you know that we are not the only things on the planet that need to be kept cool?

That may have sounded like an odd statement, but in reality, machines, just like humans, can get too hot, overheat and breakdown. But the machines that can be most prone to this are computers – in fact in every computer there is a fan of some sort, which is designed to pump fresh, cool hair into the machine and stop it from over heating. The technology industry is a huge industry, and million are spent every year on new advancements in technology – but all this couldn’t be possible if the many servers, computers and other machines across the world overheated, and so, many big software and computer companies invest in very large fans to help keep their computers running every day and night.

These types of fans are known as industrial fans, and they are much bigger and much more powerful than the fans that people use to keep themselves cool. This is because they need to work a lot harder in order to help cool down the computers and servers that they are protecting, because the machines have no way of cooling themselves down, unlike humans, who can simply drink a glass of water. And go and sit in the shade.

An industrial fan can be a huge and very, very important part of a company’s day to day work, as it ensure that the computer keep working, which means that the people who work in these companies can continue to carry out their own work without the fear or worry that something will go wrong. There are many different types of industrial fan, but the two most popular are the centrifgal fan and the axial fan.

The Centrifugal Fan uses what is known as centrifugal force, which is generated by a rotating dick that has blades mounted at right angles on it. This type of fan can be used to generate air or gas and it comes in many different varieties.

The Axial Fan uses what is known as axial forces to move air or gas by spinning a central hub with blades that extend radially from its outer diameter. Axial fnas can be very large, and can range in diameter from less than a foot, to over 30 feet, while the special axial cooling fan tower wheel can exceed 82 feet in diameter.

So, that’s a very brief introduction to what an industrial fan does, but this is just a taster of the work of these fans, which were made by man for machines, but while this may seem like odd information to share, remember these fans are what keep the world turning on a daily basis.

Popular Biotechnology Books

Are you following the modern trends in the age- old subjects like biology? Modern trends mean applying engineering, technology, genetics and medicine in the study of biology. The whole trend is called bio- technology, giving birth to bio- products or commercial products that are of specific use like manufacturing purposes.

But which are the windows through which you can bring on some more light to study biotechnology? As usual the books are always the most helpful companions in our knowledge- building process on any field. But among so many books which books are going to help the students and scholars the most?

Here are the most required books in applications of biotechnology:

1. Handbook of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology: This handbook is for scholars who are working on pharmaceuticals and applications of biotechnology in discovering and producing drugs. The book written by experienced professionals gives an overview of how to apply biotechnology in drug development process. This book will be of help to various genres of scholars like researchers, molecular biologists, cell biologists and also biochemists. The entire bio-tech industry gets much assistance from this book’s approach towards the extensive applications, regulations and validation methods.

2. Molecular Biotechnology: This book (running its fourth edition) is continuously updated and revised to follow the day to day developments in biotechnology with almost 500 illustrations of the key concepts. The book deals extensively with how the scientific principles apply “recombinant DNA technology” in industrial, agricultural, pharmaceutical and biomedical fields. The updated book has special chapters on the most current trends like cloning, gene therapy and genetic engineering. This book is specially authored for students featuring end of chapter review questions to assess their gained knowledge.

3. Fundamental Laboratory Approaches: This is a laboratory textbook for students and scientists in biochemistry and biotechnology. This book trains students how to approach research problems and conduct and evaluate scientific research. Addititionally there is a unique chapter on using the web for your research plus a website that supports the book. Have fun and enjoy your modern research work and experiments.

4. Calculations for Molecular Biology and Biotechnology: This is actually the most perfect laboratory assistant for biotechnology students and technicians. There all basic scientific notations, explanations of key concepts and theories for each type of calculation and the recent applications of the procedures in the research laboratories. In the new edition there is an updated coverage of mathematics to measure gene expression and more sample problems for readers. The simple to follow format will surely solve your most frequently faced problems in gene discovery and analysis.

5. Advanced Technologies in Bio-pharmaceutical Processing: This book describes how advanced biological processes like modification of somatic and embryonic cells are applied to the production of bio-pharmaceuticals. These advanced technologies produce hormones, modified proteins etc. This book is considered as probably the most user- friendly one ranging from large- scale animal cell bio-reactors to patient- customized products.

What Kind Of Freshwater Aquarium History Do You Remember?

Freshwater aquarium history dates back more than 4,000 years ago when the ancient Sumerians of Southern Iraq, conceived the idea of building the first man-made fish ponds. Other ancient civilizations that brought fish in ponds are the Assyrians and Egyptians. In Europe, the Romans kept sea barbels in marble tanks while Emperor Hongwu of China maintained goldfish in porcelain tubs in 1369. Fish were kept in ponds and tubs for food and entertainment for the higher class in ancient society.

In 1841, Dr. Nathaniel Bagshaw Ward used his Wardian case for tropical animals where he kept toy fish and aquatic plants. The glazed case was originally used in his experiment on ferns. It was also used to transfer ferns and grasses from England to Australia and became the forerunner of the terrarium.

The basic concept and design of the Wardian case became the inspiration for the present day aquarium. Botanists and biologists started the idea of keeping plants and animals in an enclosure for the purpose of observing them indoors whenever they want. Anna Thynne of London created the first balanced marine aquarium when for almost three years; she maintained stony corals and seaweed.

The idea of a balanced aquarium was developed in the 1800s. The guiding principle was that a symbiotic relationship between fish and aquatic plants could be duplicated in a miniature aquatic ecosystem. This was a pivitol point that became so significant that it still is in use today.

English naturalist Philip Henry Gosse was credited as the person to use the word “aquarium” and it was in his time that aquarium became very popular in the United Kingdom. This was attributed to the Great Exhibition of 1851 where exhibits of modern industrial technology and design were showcased. One of the exhibits featured in the event were flamboyant aquariums in cast iron frames. The people were happy with what they watched that went to the exhibit. Two years after the exhibit, the Fish House was opened in London Zoo. It was the first large public aquarium ever built.

freshwater aquarium history was heavily influenced by the creation of books and articles as well as public speeches about their beauty. Philip Henry Gosse’s book, “The Aquarium: An Unveiling of the Wonders of the Deep Sea” and provided the reader with details of aquatic life although he particularly discussed saltwater aquaria.

In 1856, the article “The Lake in a Glass” was published in Germany and it talked about freshwater aquaria. within a decade, aquarist’ societies were popping up everywherein the country. The United States published the world’s first aquarium magazine in 1876 and two years after, the first tropical fish from the Far East were introduced by Rear Admiral Daniel Ammon. One of the first published books in the country about aquaria was Henry D. Butler’s, “The Family Aquarium” and its first aquarist society was founded in New York in 1893.

As aquariums became widely accepted as a hobby, improvements in the tank design and introduction of the first freshwater aquarium accessories gave the first aquarists the motivation to continue what they have started. The first mechanical air pump powered by running water was invented in the early 1900s.

Filtering and heating became popular with the advent of common electricity and this allowed for the creation of various kinds of aquarium equipment like heaters and water pumps. Another pivotal improvement that played an important role in freshwater aquarium history was the development of the plastic shipping bag in the 1950’s. Fish were now able to go to multiple locations with the use of the new equipment and that made it easier to ship fish everywhere. Before plastic shipping bags were used, fish transports were done by using jugs made from various materials.

The aquarium tank itself greatly improved from the marble tank of the Roman era to the custom built MacQuarium, an aquarium built from the shell of an Apple Macintosh computer. In the Victorian Era, aquariums were made by a combination of glass front and wood sealed by a type of resin. Robert Warrington created the first aquarium made entirely of glass. At present, glass is still used as tank material but in recent years acrylic was introduced. It is a transparent thermoplastic that is shatter-resistant and lighter than glass. A material that combines the strength of acrylic and clarity of glass is the laminated glass and aquarium that is now becoming popular worldwide.

The evolution of freshwater fish is also a momentous part of freshwater aquarium history. The goldfish have been bred in lots of varieties from the original Carp species. Tropical fish have been also successfully bred with fancy varieties that are more colorful and appealing. The freshwater aquarium hobby has exploded and many new species of fish have been discovered as well as created as a direct result of this hobby. More scientific studies and research provided much needed information about the fish and their habitat which in turn helped them live longer in the tank. Nowadays, in the U.S. and Asia most of the fish used in aquariums are bred and caught in the wild.

At the end of the 20th century, an estimated nine million households in the United States keep an aquarium. These American households own more than 140 million freshwater fish according to the 2005 and 2006 data and 9.6 million saltwater fish. Aquarium keeping as a hobby is already second to stamp collecting and will continue to grow as technology continues to improve.

From Blueprints to 3D Models: Technology and the Renovation Industry

Technology has started to overtake the way in which we communicate with one another and conduct business. Through increased exposure to technology including smartphones, tablets, electric cars and the internet, it is hard to believe how fully ingrained it has become in our daily lives. It can be seen that technology is starting to change and shift how industries around the world function. The Renovation industry is no exception. As new trends continue to emerge, progressing the future of what can be, new approaches must be created.

The Idea:

Emerging technologies are beginning to provide greater solutions to many industries including construction. These trends are helping to improve processes, enabling automation and effective decision-making instruments allowing for current progressions to be accelerated and accomplished more efficiently. There are many factors that have contributed to the shift in the industry including the overall landscape of society, the economy, and the environment. Combining the overall landscape with the constantly changing nature of technology could help excel and create new trends in the renovation industry.

The Impact:

Although it is hard to determine how technology and the renovation industry will mix together fluidly, it can be seen that it will it will occur at a rapid pace. Technology will have a major impact on the renovation industry and at the current rate could occur sooner than later. This shift will allow for companies and customers to work more closely, creating an all-encompassing relationship. This shift changes not only company perspectives related to customer’s desires but using increased communication will develop a constant exchange of ideas. This allows changes to be made in an instance, anytime and anywhere. New approaches will be carried out, which will focus on a more off-site construction. It will be possible to include clients in the design phase allowing them to make changes online themselves, being integrated within the renovation process. This could include changes being made through notes on modeled 3D renders which allows work to be accomplished in a more efficient manner. This means that scheduling will never be a problem as renovation projects be started faster and done right the first time.

With technology and 3D printing continuing to take the world by storm, renders will be made into miniature physical designs where home features can be exchanged easily, taken away and added. This will help ensure minimal errors in the actual renovation process as technology will also be responsible for taking advantage of just-in-time principles with everything assembled on site. These shifts and changes will impact the industry as a whole, causing companies and workers to produce higher quality output both digitally and in the final product.

A Potential Future:

There are many different types of technologies that are being explored and in their infant stages including the use of nanotechnology. This idea, if accomplished, will create a new era not only in the renovation industry. The renovation sector will see maintenance-free environments built where self-repairing concrete and self-cleaning glass is just the tip of the iceberg. With this shift in technological use there will be less of a need to use workers in the process of construction and use them more behind the scenes of projects, working more closely with home owners to determine what needs to be done. Robots, yes robots, will start to take over which will start to change the way in which the industry works, combining places and people to unify the industry as a whole, allowing for projects to be done virtually and in real-time. This continuing idea shows a vision that tools and technology already being used will help develop standards enabling creativity. We already see potential with the use of videoconferencing and holograms being able to integrate with building models and as the years progress technology will only improve.

New Focus:

These future advancements enable construction professionals to focus on what they do, rather than how it will get done. The construction industry will be perceived more around design and innovation to meet client needs rather than manual labouring. The future will be based on people with a broad range of skills who will use IT systems to build on what they know and become experts in more areas than that of which they are now. This shift will affect not only the construction industry but all others in which skills will be related to technology, causing a potential problem related to the development of core skills necessary for human and physical interaction. This means that at times focus can be lost as no longer will professionals be familiar with the true impact of what they are doing. With more streamlined processes, buildings and construction creations will also follow this trend becoming more mainstream as the years progress, making it possible to have the “impossible.” Rather than sending maintenance people to check whether there is any problem, intelligent built environments will automatically detect the problems. This can help the environment and homeowners cutting down carbon emissions, energy and damage to the climate. This will be possible through IT systems that enable user-centered design and intelligent built environments to provide a better future for people.

Onto the Future:

It is clear that the growing trend of technology is starting to overtake industries, allowing a future where hard hats are traded in for computers. Although technology is not ahead of the game in the renovation industry, it is starting to pick up. A reason for this is that every project possesses unique qualities which do not allow for mass production. More time must be spent for each but with new technologies on the horizon construction will speed up while allowing for reduced costs.

Although technology and the construction industry today are not capable of everything mentioned above it is important to note that processes such as 3D rendering are already underway. 3D renders provide customers with a picture into their renovation ensuring dreams come true.

Types and Benefits of Infrared Heating Panels

Infrared heating panels use electromagnetic radiation for heat transfer, a cost-effective and safer way of keeping a premises warm. They radiate heat, meaning they function like the sun.

Technically, this heating technology is classified by the wavelength of heat or radiation they have been designed to emanate:

NIR Heaters: NIR expands to Near Infrared Heater which is also known as short-wave infrared heater. They produce very high temperature (above 1800 °C), which makes them an ideal for commercial and industrial applications.

CIR Heaters: CIR lengthens to Carbon Infrared Heaters. It is a medium-wave infrared heating technology that can create temperature of up to 1000 °C. This technology also is suitable for industrial and manufacturing purposes.

FIR Heaters: Far Infrared Heaters produce low-temperature suitable for domestic as well as commercial motives, as spas and saunas.

From application point of view, some of the types of infrared heaters available are: heat lamps, ceramic heating systems, radiant heating tube, gas-fired heaters, and quartz lamp.

In addition to warming up domestic and commercial spaces, there are countless functions offered by this technology –

Safety:

These heater maintains standard temperate while functioning. Additionally, it doesn’t burn anything around it. That’s one great reason why infrared technology makes a good choice for home heating!

Safer than Sun:

Things around the heating panel absorb the heat; they don’t burn, just like with the heat produced by the sun. However, unlike the sun’s heat, the heat released by these appliances is safe for your skin. It does not come with any sort of UV radiation.

Durable:

In comparison to heaters functioning on other technologies, infrared panel heaters are long-lasting. Moreover, they are low on maintenance and do not require frequent repairs and services.

Instant Heating:

With infrared technology, you do not have to wait for your room to get a warm ambiance. These appliances warm up your room almost immediately as you switch them on.

Cost Effective:

With enhanced safety and durability features, installing this heater manifests an attractive, cost-effective deal. Besides, the cost of this domestic heating system is lower than that of electric or coal based heaters. Furthermore, the low application cost is also an advantage users have with a far infrared heater.

Now you know the types and advantages of infrared heaters. If you are already interested in buying one, it is advisable to do a proper research to get the best price and quality in your purchase beforehand. Here’s a cool tip for this exercise. Let’s say you are in Ireland, then you can easily find a list of suppliers, manufacturers, brands by simply searching for – infrared heater in [Your Location] – on a search engine of your choice.

Automated Technological Services Offered By Precision Automated Technology

Precision automated technology is widely used by most of the top tier manufacturing and production firms. This type of revolutionary advancement mainly deals in fixed and robotic automated technologies. The precision technological services are utilized by many industries including industrial mining industries, automotive industries, food industries and even the medical sector. There are many companies out there which offer such services. Licensed companies with unprecedented experience are the ones which can provide excellent and innovative robot solutions for all industrial automation needs. You can rely on these companies for all your engineering needs. They will work on your project keenly by passing all the crucial stages required to ensure that you get it accomplished on time and within your budget. In short, these companies specialize in depanning of bakery products, denesting of paper cups and most importantly, they are specialists in robotic system integration.

Paper Cup Denesting

Through the exclusive engineering and automation techniques, a paper cup denester can accommodate standalone modules and systems denesting more than a thousand cups per minute. Precision automated technology provides domestic units that denest to extremely high levels of accuracy and efficiency.

The paper cup denester is suitable for pulp or foil cups, fluted paper and individual tooling which is designed as per the required standards. To get either a square, round or a rectangular cup, denesting is done using the fly capability. You can also get denesters for acetates and plastic trays.

Robotic Integration

With technological advancement in every sector of the economy, industries are looking for ways to minimize man power and introduce automated robotic systems since they can work seamlessly for long hours and the end result is production of accurate results. The precision automated technology offers excellent robotic integration systems. With these precise automated systems, industries are now enjoying high levels of production and profits.

Robotics is the only system known so far which assures quality control in complex machine processes-processes that require high levels of precision. They in turn reduce waste of time, increase the levels of accuracy and foster productivity. Integrating all these aspects boosts a company’s profits even by a double margin.

Depanners

These are the machining systems which aids in removal of products from baking trays and realigning them in acetates. The method employs diverse picking mechanisms developed achieved through application of precision automated technology. These industrial mechanisms include needles, air or vacuum pickers and gripper and non-contact pickers. The tooling can be adapted for both fixed three axis gantry style systems and 6 axis installations.

The best robotic systems which are by applying precision automated technology should be fast to set-up since they come out of the box when fully assembled. In fact, there is no controller integration required as witnessed in other systems. The motor drives are robust and compact eliminating the need for extra cables and cabinets. These powerful specs enable every user to create hi-tech applications they want at any time. This technology has also great application in the fields of guided motion. When you integrate guided motion into your operations, it not only simplifies identifying parts and locating complex problems but also improves the reliability through accommodation of dimensional variances.

To conclude, many companies nowadays are using this awesome precision automated technology to reduce labor costs, boost income, increase accuracy and to ultimately boost their company’s profits. When choosing a company to fit the robot systems and controls, remember to select a company based on its reputation and work output.

CNC Machines – The Leaders In Precision Technology Machines

The evolution of computer numerically controlled technology, leading to higher speeds and more reliability allowed the development of machine controllers adapted to new production systems. Most of the controllers are developed in agreement with the CNC technology of the correspondent machine tool manufacturer. As a consequence; the characteristics of the CNC and the microcomputer are combined. Some researchers have addressed a flexible structure of software and hardware allowing changes in the hardware basic configuration and all control software levels.

Camware software is an integrated program to execute certain functions in these CNC systems. Today, CNC technology is a major contributor to the production capacity of industrial companies. A complex network of post-processors is therefore needed for the basic functionality of CNC systems. The necessary knowledge transformations from the vendor specific software domain to the conceptual model space are essential. This will eliminate the requirement for postprocessors. Consequently, resources will be interchangeable and interoperable, adding to the strategic agility of the manufacturing network.

CNC tool cutter and grinder chosen by leading industries are high precision tools and reliability is paramount. Whether you manufacture standard high precision cutting and drilling tools, need to sharpen standard or special tools or manufacture parts for very special applications, the camware software provides the toughness and flexibility you require. This software enables application support in all markets and can offer services that will allow you to accept special projects and deliver results in a short period of time. You can be confident that as your business expands into new application fields. Again Flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) can be created by combining any of this CNC machines with any of vertical articulated robots. The robot can be mounted on a linear slide base to provide mobility and increase its work area. Additional devices, such as storage systems and part feeders, can be added to expand the range of tasks performed by the system. FMS station in CIM system Enriched with advanced technologies generated by the company’s industrial activity, and supported by effective didactic methods.

Regardless of how advanced a technology is it can only fully benefit from its advantages when the user masters it perfectly. Increasing competitive pressure demands optimized production. But how can the productivity be increased significantly? How can setup times and machine downtimes be minimized and any fault analyses and fault corrections be made as easily as possible? The solution: CNC technology. CNC machining allows you to integrate your machine tools faster and more securely in your production network – for the smooth planning, scheduling and execution of your production using data that is always current. This gives you the decisive information for significant, increased productivity. Ideal solutions for every functional area Motion Control Information System provides a complete spectrum of powerful software modules for the acquisition and optimization of your production processes. These software modules guarantee simple integration of the machines in your ERP environment. The software is modular and uniformly matched with each other. This allows the system to always be customized to your production – independent of the size and requirements profile.

Industrial Applications of Machine Vision Systems

Machine vision systems are one of the most definitive technological advance in the recent years. Today it is used to keep track of the machine-related operations and their applications, which can make the consumer experience better. Using this technology, the industries and manufacturing units are collecting data daily and are making their processes more effective in every way.

There are many applications that the machine vision technology has in different fields like:

Inspection

One of the biggest applications of the machine vision systems is inspecting the manufacturing lines and other areas of a unit in all kinds of industries. Starting from the identification of parts until the very last assembly and packaging, any error can cause a major setback for the entire line. However, with these systems, the efficiency has increased many folds as the computer systems can identify the aberrations and faulty products. The images of the defective products are captured, which are then logged into the systems and at the end of the line, they get removed easily.

Maintenance

Predictive maintenance has become a real thing after the machine vision systems have come into view. In an industry, machines are used daily, and they are also prone to getting damaged and faulty. In case the entire machine breaks down it can cause a major financial setback for the unit. However, with machine vision systems, the data is collected to identify signals and notify before any major breakdown.

Assembly

In those manufacturing and assembly units which have a huge capacity and run day and night, it is important to make sure that the final assembled products adhere to the standards. There are many aspects of assembly like printing, sealing of the bottles or packets, the position of the caps, labeling, etc. which need to be taken care of. Machine vision systems are used to get a complete 360-degree view of the process, which will increase the productivity and quality of production.

Barcode reading

In smaller equipment or parts there is always a barcode given which can identify each product separately from the other. Initially reading the bar codes during the final testing was done manually. But this became a time costing process and also came with many human errors. Thus now machine vision systems are used, which read the bar codes automatically saving both time and cost.

3D inspection

In many industries, there are bigger and smaller components that are joined together to get a final product like electronics, automobiles, etc. However to make sure that the connections and assembly are not done in a faulty way, the three-dimensional inspection should take place. Machine vision cameras and computers capture high definition images which can create a 3D image of the components. This will not only help in understanding the parts and their circuitry, it will also help in reducing defects in the product.

These systems are of major importance these days as they have reduced the operation and inspection costs by many folds. Not only they help in fault detection but have also made the units more automated.

Resource box

A Brief Introduction to the Programmable Logic Controller

The term programmable logic controller (PLC) refers to the industrial digital computers that are designed for controlling various manufacturing equipment such as industrial robots, escalators, power stations, and assembly lines. These sophisticated devices are used to control production processes where dependable controls, flexible programming, and ease of troubleshooting is of immense importance.

The significance of industrial computers increases in applications where precision with zero error is critical. Initially, it was the automotive industry that utilized computer-controlled systems in order to replace cam timers and hard-wired relays. Now, computer-driven tools have become a vital part of industrial process control and factory automation.

Unlike personal computers, PLC is capable of performing in harsh industrial environments where temperature, humidity, dust, mechanical shocks and other hazards are prevalent. Manufacturers need a variety of equipment in order to produce a product and make it work for the end users.

All the equipment or devices working on producing something in a facility needs to be organized in terms of time intervals. For instance, in the automobile industry, one device or a set of devices works on painting car exterior and the other machine works on engine parts. One of the functions of an industrial digital computer is to set the specific time frame for machines so that all the processes can be performed in a perfectly harmonious manner.

Industrial computers were introduced in the 1960s and before that, manufacturers relied on cam timers, relays and other similar kinds of devices to streamline their manufacturing processes. They control a wide range of applications from small production systems to large processing plants. Some of the advantages of PLC include:

  • Ease of maintenance and installation
  • Accuracy and dependability
  • Cost-effectiveness
  • Low power consumption
  • Higher flexibility and integration

Central Processing Unit (CPU), memory, and input & outputs are the three fundamental component of an industrial digital computer. Like in the personal computer, CPU plays the part of a brain in a computer as it performs all the communication, arithmetic, logical and memory related operations. The memory component in PLC operates almost the same way as that of personal computers.

As mentioned earlier, the ability to perform effectively for years in harsh industrial environments is what makes PLCs different from personal computers. A digital computer has to be flexible and configurable. The 21st Century process control expects functional flexibility, superior performance, and a smaller form factor from a control system.

The rapid development in the industrial automation technology has made it possible for manufacturers to produce high-quality products cost-effectively and at large scales. Powerful industrial computers, robots, sensors, intelligent and automated devices are the present and the future of modern industries. It would be hard for industries to stay competitive in future without embracing the modern industrial technologies.